Skip to content
?

단축키

Prev이전 문서

Next다음 문서

크게 작게 위로 아래로 댓글로 가기 인쇄
?

단축키

Prev이전 문서

Next다음 문서

크게 작게 위로 아래로 댓글로 가기 인쇄
Genesis 40

Pharaoh's chief butler and his chief baker, having offended their lord, are put in prison, vv. 1-3. The captain of the guard gives them into the care of Joseph, v. 4. Each of them has a dream, v. 5. Joseph, seeing them sad, questions them on the subject, vv. 6, 7. Their answer, v. 8. The chief butler tells his dream, vv. 9-11. Joseph interprets it, vv. 12, 13. Gives a slight sketch of his history to the chief butler, and begs him to think upon him when restored to his office, vv. 14, 15. The chief baker tells his dream, vv. 16, 17. Joseph interprets this also, vv. 18, 19. Both dreams are fulfilled according to the interpretation, the chief butler being restored to his office, and the chief baker hanged, vv. 20-22. The chief butler makes no interest for Joseph, v. 23.

Notes On Chapter 40

Genesis 40:1
The butler—‏משקה‎ mashkeh, the same as saky among the Arabians and Persians, and signifying a cup-bearer.
Baker—‏אפה‎ opheh; rather cook, confectioner, or the like.
Had offended—They had probably been accused of attempting to take away the king's life, one by poisoning his drink, the other by poisoning his bread or confectionaries.
Genesis 40:3
Where Joseph was bound—The place in which Joseph was now confined; this is what is implied in being bound; for, without doubt, he had his personal liberty. As the butler and. the baker were state criminals they were put in the same prison with Joseph, which we learn from the preceding chapter, Genesis 39:20, was the king's prison. All the officers in the employment of the ancient kings of Egypt were, according to Diodorus Siculus, taken from the most illustrious families of the priesthood in the country; no slave or common person being ever permitted to serve in the presence of the king. As these persons, therefore, were of the most noble families, it is natural to expect they would be put, when accused, into the state prison.
Genesis 40:4
They continued a season—‏ימים‎ yamim, literally days; how long we cannot tell. But many suppose the word signifies a complete year; and as Pharaoh called them to an account on his birthday, Genesis 40:20, Calmet supposes they had offended on the preceding birthday, and thus had been one whole year in prison.
Genesis 40:5
Each man according to the interpretation—Not like dreams in general, the disordered workings of the mind, the consequence of disease or repletion; these were dreams that had an interpretation, that is, that were prophetic.
Genesis 40:6
They were sad—They concluded that their dreams portended something of great importance, but they could not tell what.
Genesis 40:8
There is no interpreter—They either had access to none, or those to whom they applied could give them no consistent, satisfactory meaning.
Do not interpretations belong to God?—God alone, the Supreme Being, knows what is in futurity; and if he have sent a significant dream, he alone can give the solution.
Genesis 40:11
And I took the grapes and pressed them into Pharaoh's cup—From this we find that wine anciently was the mere expressed juice of the grape, without fermentation. The saky, or cup-bearer, took the bunch, pressed the juice into the cup, and instantly delivered it into the hands of his master. This was anciently the ‏יין‎ yain of the Hebrews, the οινος of the Greeks, and the mustum of the ancient Latins.
Genesis 40:12
The three branches are three days—That is, The three branches signify three days; so, this Is my body, that is, this bread signifies or represents my body; this cup Is my blood, Represents my blood; a form of speech frequently used in the sacred writings, for the Hebrew has no proper word by which our terms signifies, represents, etc., are expressed; therefore it says such a thing Is, for represents, points out, etc. And because several of our ancestors would understand such words in their true, genuine, critical, and sole meaning, Queen Mary, Bishops Gardiner, Bonner, and the rest of that demoniacal crew, reduced them to ashes in Smithfield and elsewhere!
Genesis 40:14
Make mention of me unto Pharaoh—One would have supposed that the very circumstance of his restoration, according to the prediction of Joseph, would have almost necessarily prevented him from forgetting so extraordinary a person. But what have mere courtiers to do either with gratitude or kindness?
Genesis 40:15
For indeed I was stolen—‏גנב גנבתי‎ gunnob gunnobti, stolen, I have been stolen—most assuredly I was stolen; and here also have I done nothing. These were simple assertions, into the proof of which he was ready to enter if called on.
Genesis 40:19
Lift up thy head from off thee—Thus we find that beheading, hanging, and gibbeting, were modes of punishment among the ancient Egyptians; but the criminal was beheaded before he was hanged, and then either hanged on hooks, or by the hands. See Lamentations 5:12.
Genesis 40:20
Pharaoh's birthday—The distinguishing a birthday by a feast appears from this place to have been a very ancient custom. It probably had its origin from a correct notion of the immortality of the soul, as the commencement of life must appear of great consequence to that person who believed he was to live for ever. St. Matthew (Matthew 14:6) mentions Herod's keeping his birthday; and examples of this kind are frequent to the present time in most nations.
Lifted up the head of the chief butler, etc.—By lifting up the head, probably no more is meant than bringing them to trial, tantamount to what was done by Jezebel and the nobles of Israel to Naboth: Set Naboth on high among the people; and set two men, sons of Belial, to bear witness against him, etc.; 1 Kings 21:9, etc. The issue of the trial was, the baker alone was found guilty and hanged; and the butler, being acquitted, was restored to his office.
Genesis 40:23
Yet did not the chief butler remember Joseph—Had he mentioned the circumstance to Pharaoh, there is no doubt that Joseph's case would have been examined into, and he would in consequence have been restored to his liberty; but, owing to the ingratitude of the chief butler, he was left two years longer in prison.
Many commentators have seen in every circumstance in the history of Joseph a parallel between him and our blessed Lord. So, "Joseph in prison represents Christ in the custody of the Jews; the chief butler and the chief baker represent the two thieves which were crucified with our Lord; and as one thief was pardoned, and the other left to perish, so the chief butler was restored to his office, and the chief baker hanged." I believe God never designed such parallels; and I am astonished to find comparatively grave and judicious men trifling in this way, and forcing the features of truth into the most distorted anamorphosis, so that even her friends blush to acknowledge her. This is not a light matter; we should beware how we attribute designs to God that he never had, and employ the Holy Spirit in forming trifling and unimportant similitudes. Of plain, direct truth we shall find as much in the sacred writings as we can receive and comprehend; let us not therefore hew out unto ourselves broken cisterns that can hold no water. Interpretations of this kind only tend to render the sacred writings uncertain; to expose to ridicule all the solemn types and figures which it really contains; and to furnish pretexts to infidels and irreligious people to scoff at all spirituality, and lead them to reject the word of God entirely, as incapable of being interpreted on any fixed or rational plan. The mischief done by this system is really incalculable. See the observations on Genesis 37 (note).

List of Articles
번호 분류 제목
128 OT General Preface to the Old Testament
127 OT Comments On Christian Commentators
126 OT Comments On the Author's Work
125 OT Comments On the Sacred Text Used for This Work
124 OT Comments On the Original Writings Consulted and Referenced
123 Genesis Preface to the Book of Genesis
122 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 01
121 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 02
120 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 03
119 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 04
118 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 05
117 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 06
116 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 07
115 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 08
114 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 09
113 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 10
112 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 11
111 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 12
110 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 13
109 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 14
108 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 15
107 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 16
106 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 17
105 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 18
104 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 19
103 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 20
102 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 21
101 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 22
100 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 23
99 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 24
98 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 25
97 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 26
96 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 27
95 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 28
94 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 29
93 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 30
92 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 31
91 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 32
90 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 33
89 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 34
88 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 35
87 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 36
86 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 37
85 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 38
84 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 39
» Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 40
82 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 41
81 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 42
80 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 43
79 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 44
78 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 45
77 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 46
76 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 47
75 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 48
74 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 49
73 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 50
72 Exodus Preface to the Book of Exodus
71 Exodus Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Exodus, Chapter 01
70 Exodus Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Exodus, Chapter 02
69 Exodus Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Exodus, Chapter 03
68 Exodus Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Exodus, Chapter 04
67 Exodus Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Exodus, Chapter 05
66 Exodus Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Exodus, Chapter 06
65 Exodus Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Exodus, Chapter 07
64 Exodus Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Exodus, Chapter 08
63 Exodus Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Exodus, Chapter 09
목록
Board Pagination Prev 1 2 Next
/ 2

All the Bibles, Commentaries and Dictionaries here have their own rights.
All rights are reserved for them, not for us. Thanks! Praise our great God, Christ Jesus!

HANGL Lingua Franca

sketchbook5, 스케치북5

sketchbook5, 스케치북5

나눔글꼴 설치 안내


이 PC에는 나눔글꼴이 설치되어 있지 않습니다.

이 사이트를 나눔글꼴로 보기 위해서는
나눔글꼴을 설치해야 합니다.

설치 취소