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Every believer in Divine revelation finds himself amply justified in taking for granted that the Pentateuch is the work of Moses. For more than 3000 years this has been the invariable opinion of those who were best qualified to form a correct judgment on this subject. The Jewish Church, from its most remote antiquity, has ascribed the work to no other hand; and the Christian Church, from its foundation, has attributed it to the Jewish lawgiver alone. The most respectable heathens have concurred in this testimony, and Jesus Christ and his apostles have completed the evidence, and have put the question beyond the possibility of being doubted by those who profess to believe the Divine authenticity of the New Testament. As to those who, in opposition to all these proofs, obstinately persist in their unbelief, they are worthy of little regard, as argument is lost on their unprincipled prejudices, and demonstration on their minds, because ever willfully closed against the light. When they have proved that Moses is not the author of this work, the advocates of Divine revelation will reconsider the grounds of their faith.
That there are a few things in the Pentateuch which seem to have been added by a later hand there can be little doubt; among these some have reckoned, perhaps without reason, the following passage, Genesis 12:6: "And the Canaanite was then in the land"; but see the note on Genesis 12:6. Numbers 21:14, "In the book of the wars of the Lord," was probably a marginal note, which in process of time got into the text; see the note on Numbers 21:14. To these may be added Deuteronomy1:1-5; 2:12; and the eight concluding verses of the last chapter, in which we have an account of the death of Moses. These last words could not have been added by Moses himself, but are very probably the work of Ezra, by whom, according to uninterrupted tradition among the Jews, the various books which constitute the canon of the Old Testament were collected and arranged, and such expository notes added as were essential to connect the different parts; but as he acted under Divine inspiration, the additions may be considered of equal authority with the text. A few other places might be added, but they are of little importance, and are mentioned in the notes.
The book of Genesis, Γενεσις, has its name from the title it bears in the Septuagint, βιβλος Γενεσεως, (Genesis 2:4), which signifies the book of the Generation; but it is called in Hebrew ‏בראשית‎ Bereshith, "In the beginning," from its initial word. It is the most ancient history in the world; and, from the great variety of its singular details and most interesting accounts, is as far superior in its value and importance to all others, as it is in its antiquity. This book contains an account of the creation of the world, and its first inhabitants; the original innocence and fall of man; the rise of religion; the invention of arts; the general corruption and degeneracy of mankind; the universal deluge; the repeopling and division of the earth; the origin of nations and kingdoms; and a particular history of the patriarchs from Adam down to the death of Joseph; including a space, at the lowest computation, of 2369 years.
It may be asked how a detail so circumstantial and minute could have been preserved when there was no writing of any kind, and when the earth, whose history is here given, had already existed more than 2000 years. To this inquiry a very satisfactory answer may be given. There are only three ways in which these important records could have been preserved and brought down to the time of Moses: viz., writing, tradition, and Divine revelation. In the antediluvian world, when the life of man was so protracted, there was comparatively little need for writing of any kind, and perhaps no alphabetical writing then existed. Tradition answered every purpose to which writing in any kind of characters could be subservient; and the necessity of erecting monuments to perpetuate public events could scarcely have suggested itself, as during those times there could be little danger apprehended of any important fact becoming obsolete, as its history had to pass through very few hands, and all these friends and relatives in the most proper sense of the terms; for they lived in an insulated state under a patriarchal government.
Thus it was easy for Moses to be satisfied of the truth of all he relates in the book of Genesis, as the accounts came to him through the medium of very few persons. From Adam to Noah there was but one man necessary to the correct transmission of the history of this period of 1656 years. Now this history was, without doubt, perfectly known to Methuselah, who lived to see them both. In like manner Shem connected Noah and Abraham, having lived to converse with both; as Isaac did with Abraham and Joseph, from whom these things might be easily conveyed to Moses by Amram, who was contemporary with Joseph. Supposing, then, all the curious facts recorded in the book of Genesis had no other authority than the tradition already referred to, they would stand upon a foundation of credibility superior to any that the most reputable of the ancient Greek and Latin historians can boast. Yet to preclude all possibility of mistake, the unerring Spirit of God directed Moses in the selection of his facts and the ascertaining of his dates. Indeed, the narrative is so simple, so much like truth, so consistent everywhere with itself, so correct in its dates, so impartial in its biography, so accurate in its philosophical details, so pure in its morality, and so benevolent in its design, as amply to demonstrate that it never could have had an earthly origin. In this case, also, Moses constructed every thing according to the pattern which God showed him in the mount.
—Year before the common era of Christ, 4004.
—Julian Period, 710.
—Cycle of the Sun, 10.
—Dominical Letter, B.
—Cycle of the Moon, 7.
—Indiction, 5.
—Creation from Tisri or September, 1.

List of Articles
번호 분류 제목
128 OT General Preface to the Old Testament
127 OT Comments On Christian Commentators
126 OT Comments On the Author's Work
125 OT Comments On the Sacred Text Used for This Work
124 OT Comments On the Original Writings Consulted and Referenced
» Genesis Preface to the Book of Genesis
122 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 01
121 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 02
120 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 03
119 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 04
118 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 05
117 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 06
116 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 07
115 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 08
114 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 09
113 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 10
112 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 11
111 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 12
110 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 13
109 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 14
108 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 15
107 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 16
106 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 17
105 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 18
104 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 19
103 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 20
102 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 21
101 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 22
100 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 23
99 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 24
98 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 25
97 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 26
96 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 27
95 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 28
94 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 29
93 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 30
92 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 31
91 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 32
90 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 33
89 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 34
88 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 35
87 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 36
86 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 37
85 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 38
84 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 39
83 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 40
82 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 41
81 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 42
80 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 43
79 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 44
78 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 45
77 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 46
76 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 47
75 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 48
74 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 49
73 Genesis Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Genesis, Chapter 50
72 Exodus Preface to the Book of Exodus
71 Exodus Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Exodus, Chapter 01
70 Exodus Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Exodus, Chapter 02
69 Exodus Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Exodus, Chapter 03
68 Exodus Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Exodus, Chapter 04
67 Exodus Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Exodus, Chapter 05
66 Exodus Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Exodus, Chapter 06
65 Exodus Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Exodus, Chapter 07
64 Exodus Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Exodus, Chapter 08
63 Exodus Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible, Exodus, Chapter 09
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